An early-18th-century mixed hand






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Note also that these are samples of hands with which you will not have to be familiar. Your task is to be able to transcribe a fair Secretary Hand.




Bastard Secretary


Thomas Mason'........Willelmus Fokys ..Willelmus Seell'
Johannes Beregg'.....Thomas Wright'....Henricus Whyte
[Willelmus Howson']..Willelmus Whyte...Radulphus Welles
each column followed by 'Jur[ati]'
& all & singler his lond[es] ten[emen]t[es] & hereditament[es]
heires & assign' all dead[es] euydenc[es] ch[art]res escrip...
land[es] & ten[emen]tes & other the p[re]missez With the app[ur]...
executo[u]rs to & W[i]t the sayd lewys Forþescu his








Fair Secretary Hands

The head of a terrier
The "livery of seisin" on the dorse of a deed of 1589

Sealed & delyu[er]ed
in the p[re]sence of
John Whythorse
Raphe Astyn
John Pentherst



Very cursive Secretary Hands

Maister Edmunde scrope did take
possession of the forsaid groundes
for the use of [merton Colleage] the
Warden and felows of merton colleage
in oxforde
...Fyve pound[es] A peece to be payed w[t]hin one...
...to be sett out for her w[i]thin one Yeare...
w[i]th thadvise & Direcc[i]ons of my overseers
Marriage & then the same w[i]th the
her Item I gyve & bequeath unto her
have att the Date of this my Will
the Poore of Stratford aforesaied
Memorandum to make search for an arbetryment [made] betwixt one Mr Potchin and the In=
habytants of Barkby for abaiteinge of 8. beastes pasture [out] of the common of
the said mr Potchin yearely in lewe of the holdinge and keepeinge In
severall the old wolte close, the said pastures to be abated for the
benifitt and profitt of all the towne



Humanistic/Italic


Scottish notarial sasine, late 16th century; click on the image to view the complete document.



Mixed and round hands


The Chamberlins ... Note the residual Secretary characters, as the upper case T and C and the reverse e, as also in William Cooper in the list