Survey of Somersham 1222


At this stage neither the transcription nor the translation have been proof-read

[1]

The demesne of this manor is thus described

that is next to the chapel of St Botulph 18½ acres. In Otincroft 40½ acres. In Scortstich' 13½ acres. In Middilfurlong 14 acres. In Polfurlong 7 acres. In Scortlond' 8 acres. In Lambecotefurlong 4 acres. In Halefurlong 5 acres. In Snellislond 5½ acres and this land lies in the field of Somersham. Item in the field of Pidley: next to litgate 6 acres, in Brokefurlong 18 acres; next to the croft of Alan 4 acres; next to the croft of Robert 9½ acres; in Reymundisfurlong 18 acres; in Helmhaþe 27½ acres; in the other Brokefurlong 18 acres; in Middilfurlong 25½ acres; in Struthil 8 acres and 3 roods; in Holebrocke 23 acres and 3 roods; in Digdewong 8½ acres; in Longefurlong below Pidley 47 acres and 1 rood; Below the grange of Pidley 16 acres and 3 roods; in the new assart next to the grange 29½ acres; in Hallecroft 28½ acres; in Lanedicroft 20 acres. In the field of Bluntisham: in Barlicroft 7 acres; Below Þerleswell 15 acres and 1 rood; in Buueton 20 acres; in Tuncroft 15 acres; next to the church of Bluntisham towards the marsh 25½ acres; in Vaerhay 10 acres; in Neþerhay 15 acres and 1 rood; in Longefurlong 12½ acres; in the assart 78 acres. In the field of Colne: next to the croft of Geoffrey Bede 8½ acres; around the monastery 4 acres; in Madderton' 15 acres; next to the croft of Nigel Balle 5 acres; in Bradewung 25 acres and 1 rood; next to the croft of Bastard' 12 acres and 1 rood; in Hallewey 6 acres; at Hoo 3 acres; in Waterland 3 acres; in Breriwong 6 acres; next to the cross 2½ acres; next to Broc 6½ acres; in Langefurlong 8½ acres; in Neþerfurlong 7½ acres; in Fouracres 4 acres; in Nostredehech' 4 acres; in Lambecotehech' 2½ acres; in Smalheg' 2 acres.

About the fisheries

To this manor belongs a certain fishery in which are four weirs and it begins at Thachdolelake and extends to Partalemuþe and it renders by year five and a half marks and the lord can hold it in his hand when he shall have wished. And let be known that all fishers holding the aforesaid fishery when the lord shall have wished, should fish to the use of the lord and have his food [i.e. food provided by the lord] or a penny and the fishers themselves should have 6 small pieces of wood and 24 bundles of rods for repair of the weirs.

About the tenants [holding] freely

Richard de Argentem holds in Colne 200 acres of land by military [knight] service that is for the fee of half a knight . Henry son of John de Coln' holds a virgate of land and renders service to the Prior of Ely and should find a man on a horse or himself who may supervise the men reaping at the great boon of the Bishop in harvest time [preferable to 'Autumn'] at the lord Bishop's food [i.e. the Bishop provides food]. The same holds a cottage from the Bishop and renders therefrom 16d. that is at each term 4d. The same holds another cottage by the service of 20d. that is at each term 5d. The same holds from the new tenement a virgate for 6s.8d. equally [in equal proportions] at the four terms. The same holds from the new tenement 36 acres for 12s. by year equally &c. Nigel clericus is the man of the Prior and should find a man at the Bishop's boonwork at the food of the Bishop [i.e. food provided by the Bishop]. Robert de Coln' holds a virgate and a half of land from the Prior and should find a man [just] as Henry [does]. The same holds a cottage for 16d. by year equally &c. The same holds a messuage and 2 acres of assart for 16d. equally. The same holds from the new tenement 6 acres for 4s. equally &c. Simon clericus holds a virgate of land for 2s. equally &c. and should find a man reaping at the boonwork. Harvey holds a virgate of land for 6s.8d. and should find a man reaping. Walter le Geg holds a virgate of land for 6s.8d. equally and should find a man reaping at the boonwork. Walter le Geg holds a virgate of land for 7s. equally and should find a man reaping at the boonwork. And let it be known that the aforesaid Simon and Harvey and Walter le Geg should be tallaged with the customary tenants. Azo de Coln' holds a virgate from the Prior and should find a man at the boonwork as Henry [does]. The same holds a cottage for 16d. equally. The same holds a messuage for 8d. equally. William faber [the smith] holds a messuage for 2s. equally and should find a man at the boonwork. Andrew Lidolf holds a toft for 8d. equally and should find a man at the boonwork at food [i.e. the lord provides food] and a man without food [i.e. no reciprocity in food from the lord] and he owes a hen at Christmas and 6 eggs at Easter.

About the customary tenants

Gilbert filius Radulphi holds a virgate at works and owes by year 6d. for Witefe equally &c and owes each week through the whole year outside harvest two works and in harvest each week three works so that through no feast will he be quit except from Christmas to Epiphany. And he should cut and carry through the year 4 cartloads of wood to the water [for water transport] or in the curia of the lord [manor courtyard] and he will be quit from one work. Moreover he shall give for pannage at Michaelmas for each yearling pig 2d. and for each young pig 1d.and be it known that for all his pigs he shall give pannage except for one sow which he should have quit of pannage. Moreover he owes 5 hens and 6 eggs and he owes carrying service to Wisbech or to Ditton according to the turn [rota] of neighbours without work [i.e. not counting as a weekwork]. But if he shall do a carrying service on the day when his peers work then he will be quit from one work. And he should at each visit of the lord thresh 30 sheaves of oats for provender and he should make by the year 3 quarters of malt. Furthermore he owes a work at weeding and a work [sic] and they shall have 4d. at lifting hay. Moreover he should find all his men at the great boon of the lord and they shall have <bread>, ale and meat and on the morrow he shall find all his men and he shall have [?] to reaping without food. Moreover he should find 2 men to reaping for a full day without food and should at each visit of the lord carry a bundle of wood to the fire and thrice a year he shall find the equipment for brewing and if indeed the lord shall have wished a Waterbedripe he shall find 2 men at reaping and he should thresh 24 sheaves of wheat. Furthermore he shall plough after Michaelmas up to Christmas 3 acres. And after Christmas up to Easter he shall plough 3 acres. And after Easter up to Pentecost he shall plough 3 acres. And they say that he should be quit of 3 works for 3 quarters of malt which he does as it is said above and he owes a sheaf of Cornbote. William Bede holds a virgate of land by the same customs. And moreover he owes at Michaelmas 1d. The same renders by year from the new tenement 16d. equally that is for 2 acres. Edward de Hermotesurþe holds a virgate of land by the same customs. Jordan filius Margar' holds a virgate of land by the same customs. Robert filius Willelmi holds a virgate of land by the same customs. Reginald filius Alnod holds a virgate of land by the same customs. Simon Neueman holds a virgate of land by the same customs. Robert filius Margar' holds a virgate of land by the same customs. Nigel filius gileb[erti] holds a virgate by the same customs. Richard sauser holds a virgate by the same customs. Richard del Broc holds a virgate of land by the same customs. Nigel Balle holds a virgate of land by the same customs. Clement holds a virgate of land by the same customs and renders furthermore at Michaelmas 1d. William filius Liueue holds a virgate of land by the same customs. Alan Blund holds a virgate of land by the same customs. And furthermore he renders by year at Michaelmas ½d. Moreover of the above full lands each should harrow with its horse through one day in winter and through one day in Lent. Furthermore each full land should compost ½ acre of land with its own cart and it will be allowed to it in its ploughing if it has a full plough. And be it known that if indeed any tenant holding a virgate of land for his/her poverty shall have nothing in a plough, s/he shall plough with his/her own money by year 9 acres [i.e. themselves pay to have it done for the lord]. Alexander filius Siluestri and William filius Ascelini hold a virgate of land by the same services. And furthermore they give a hen and 6 eggs more than the others who hold a virgate of land on his [sic] own. Alexander albus and Silvester hold a virgate of land by the same customs just as Alexander. Gilbert Alnoth' and Alan sutor [cobbler] hold a virgate of land by the same customs.

About the cottages

Baldwin messor [reapreeve] holds a cottage and gives 2d. for Witefe and he owes by week except harvest one work and in harvest each week 3 works. So that through no feast will he be quit from a work unless from Christmas up to Pentecost and he should do a bundle of charcoal against Christmas and carry [it] to the water or to the lord's manorial courtyard and he shall plough in the year 3 acres and owes 6 hens and 6 eggs and he owes carrying service on his back without a horse and he should at the lord's visit carry a bundle of branches and he shall make a quarter of malt and therefrom he is quit from 3 works and he shall find thrice in the year a man at brewing and he owes a work at weeding and a work at lifting hay and a man at reaping and at the great boon with food a man and in the morrow a man without food and at Waterbedripe a man and he should guard the prison[er]s through a night and bring [them] to Ely. Item he owes from the new tenement 2 acres for 16d. equally. Richard filius Luue holds a cottage by the same customs. Silvester holds a cottage by the same customs and from the new tenement 2 acres for 16d. equally. Ingelmer holds a cottage by the same customs. Henry With' holds a cottage by the same customs. Robert filius Matill' holds a cottage by the same customs. Richard Tes[t]ard' holds a cottage by the same customs. Sexburga holds a cottage by the same customs.

About the tofts

Ailward holds a toft and gives by year 1d. of Witefe equally and owes in the week a work [i.e. a weekwork] and he is quit in Christmas only and he should make a bundle of charcoal against Christmas and carry [it] into the lord's manorial courtyard or to the water and he owes a hen and 6 eggs and he owes carrying service on his back and he shall carry branches to brewing at the lord's visit and he owes a work at weeding and a work at lifting hay and a work at reaping and he shall find a man at the great boon with food and on the morrow a man without food and at Waterbedripe a man. Swain holds a toft by the same customs. Osgar holds a toft by the same customs. Gilbert Tugge holds a toft by the same customs. Ralph filius Ingelm[eri] holds a toft by the same customs.

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