Third declension nouns: testis

In charters, the usual occurrence of testis is to introduce the witness/attestation clause. This clause in its final form was introduced Hiis testibus (ablative plural) followed by the names of the witnesses in the ablative (e.g. Willelmo, Thoma, Johanne etc.). In the early twelfth century, however, some witness lists commenced simply Testes in the nominative plural, followed by the names in the nominative (e.g. Willelmus, Thomas, Johannes etc.).

case sing. plural
nom. testis testes
acc. testem testes
gen. testis testium
dat. testi testibus
abl. teste testibus

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