Some Texts

The Statute of Uses 1536

Where by the common laws of this realm lands, tenements and hereditaments be not devisable by testament, nor ought to be transferred from one to another but by solemn livery and seisin, matter of record or writing sufficient, made bona fide without covin or fraud; yet nevertheless divers and sundry imaginations, subtle inventions and practices have been used whereby the hereditaments of this realm have been conveyed from one to another ... made to secret uses, intents and trusts ... by reason whereof ... the lords have lost their wards, marriages, reliefs, heriots, escheats ... women their dowers ...

[To be enacted therefore] That where any person or persons stand or be seised, or at any time hereafter shall happen to be seised, of and in any honours, castles, manors, lands, tenements, rents ... to the use, confidence or trustof any other person or persons ... by reason of any bargain, sale ... that in every such case, all and every such person and persons ... shall from henceforth stand and be seised, deemed and adjudged in lawful seisin, estate and possession of and in the same ...

Statute of Enrolments 1536

Be it enacted by the authority of this present parliament that from the last day of July which shall be in the year of our Lord God 1536 no manors, lands, tenements or other hereditaments shall pass, alter or change from one to another whereby any estate of inheritance or freehold shall be made or take effect in any person or persons or any use thereof to be made by reason only of any bargain and sale thereof, except the same bargain and sale be made by writing indented, sealed and enrolled in one of the king's courts of record at Westminster; or else within the same county or counties where the same manors [etc] so bargained and sold lie or be, before the custos rotulorum and two justices of the peace and the clerk of the peace of the same county or counties, or two of them at least, whereof the clerk of the peace to be one; ...

Lease of coalmines

To be checked for typos

This Indenture made the Thirtieth day of September In the yeares of the Raigne of our Soueraigne Lord James by the grace of god kinge of England Scotland France and Ireland defender of the Faith &c That isto saye of England France and Ireland the seavententh And of Scotland the Three and Fiftieth Betwene Henry Handley of Brampcote in the County of Nottingham gent' of thone parte And Sir Percyvall Willoughbie of Wollaton in the said County of Nottingham knight of thother parte witnesseth that the said Henry Handley for good Causes and Consideracions him movinge hath demised leased and to Fearme letten And by these presentes doth demise lease and to Fearme lett unto the said Sir Percyvall Willoughbie all the Cooles Colemynes {and} veynes and delfes of Cooles lyinge and beinge in the wastes moores and Common groundes of him the said Henry Handley within the Mannour and Lordshipp of Brampcote aforesaid in the said County of Nottingham with Free libertie ingresse egresse regresse power and authoritie by himselfe and his Assignes and his or there servantes and workemen to enter into the said wastes moores and Common groundes and every or any parte thereof and there to search for and gett Cooles and to digg delve and make pitt and pittes soughe and soughes for the gettinge of Cooles there and wood and timber to be used in or about any pitt or pittes or otherwise for or aboute the gettinge of Cooles to lay in or upon any parte of the premisses and the Cooles there gotten to worke stacke and laye in places Conveynient within the said wastes moores and Common groundes or any parte or partes thereof untill the same may and shall be Carried awaye and all other thinges to doe which shall be needefull Conveynient or requisite for the searchinge for findinge gettinge workeinge stackinge and Carryinge awaye of Cooles in upon and out of the said wastes Moores and Common groundes by and thorough the most usuall and Convenient wayes and not otherwise by him the said Sir Percyvall Willougby or by any other person or persones whatsoever To haue and to hold the said Cooles Coolemynes delfes of Cooles liberties priviledges and premisses to the said Sir Percyvall Willoughby his executours and Assignes from the daye of the date of these presentes for and duringe the end and terme of Twentie and one yeares from thence next ensewinge fully to be Compleate and ended Yeldinge and payinge therefore unto the said Henry Handley and his heires Twentie shillinges yearely at the Feastes of Thannunciacion of our Ladye the virgin Marye and St Mychaell Tharchangell by equall porcions And alsoe Fower Rookes of Cooles yearely to be paid and deliuered by the said Sir Percyvall Willoughbie his heires executours or Assignes to the said Henry Handley his heires or Assignes at Wollaton pittes or Trowell pittes at the best likinge of the said Henry Handley his heires or Assignes without yeldinge or payinge any thinge for the same for and duringe all such terme and time as the said Sir Percyvall Willougbie his heires executours or Assignes shall not gett Cooles within the said wastes groundes or Commons And alsoe yeldinge and payinge for such and soe manye yeares of the said Terme as the said Sir Percyvall Willoughbie his heires or Assignes shall gett any Cooles in the said wastes Moores or Common groundes Fortie Rookes of Cooles to be deliuered at the said pitt or pittes (viz) every quarter of every yeare Tenn Rookes duringe the said time after Cooles shalbe gotten as aforesaid over and aboue the said yearely rent of Twentie shillinges And the said Henry Handley doth Covenant graunt and agree for him his heires executours and Administratours to and with the said Sir Percyvall Willoughbie his executours and Assignes by these presentes That he the said Sir Percyvall Willoughbie his executours and Assignes shall and maye haue hould occupie and quietly enioye the said Cooles Coolemynes delfes and veynes of Cooles and all the liberties priveledges and freedomes aforesaid duringe all the said terme without any lett troble disturbance interrupcion or denyall of or by him the said Henry Handley or his heires or of or by any other person or persones lawfullye Clayminge by from or under him the said Henry Handley And the said Sir Percyvall Willoughbie doth Covenant and graunte for him his executours Administratours and Assignes to and with the said Henry Handley his heires and Assignes by these presentes That he the said Sir Percyvall Willoughbie his executours and {or} Assignes at thend and expiracion of the said terme shall leave and yeld upp to the said Henry Handley his heires or Assignes such and soe many pitt and pittes open and Chandrable and fitt for gettinge of Cooles therein as {shall} bee wrought and Cooles gotten in at any tyme within Three yeares next before thend and expiracion of the said terme Prouided alwayes and it is agreed by and betweene the said parties That if the said Sir Percyvall Willoughbie his executours Administratours or Assignes or any of them shall at any time make defalt or fayle of the yearely paymentes of the rentes as aforesaid or shall graunte assigne or sett over or depart from the said Cooles Coolemynes delfes and veynes of Cooles and premisses before hereby demysed or graunted or mencioned to be demised or graunted or any parte thereof for and duringe his said terme or any parte thereof to any person or persones whatsoever without the speciall licence or Consent of the said Henry Handley his heires or Assignes firste had and obteyned in writinge That then and from thenceforth this present demise and Indenture and all thinges therein Conteyned shall be void and of none effect any thinge therein Conteyned to the Contrary thereof in any wise notwithstandinge In Witness whereof the parties abouesaid to the present Indentures interchangeably haue put there handes and seales the day and yeare first abouewritten